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The Scope of Huge Drugs Market Across Africa: what does a Research say?

People who look at the financial, economic, and public health benefits and drawbacks of making pharmaceuticals in their communities see a mixed picture.

When you compare the United States to China and India, both of which have similar populations but only import 5% and 20% of their total drug imports, the United States imports a lot more drugs than they do. Government and household budgets and foreign exchange reserves that are already limited are put under even more stress because of this, as are their budgets and reserves.70% to 90% of Sub-Saharan Africa’s drugs come from other countries.

There was a continent-wide disaster during the pandemic because the country was so dependent on imported drugs.If more medicines and active pharmaceutical ingredients were made in Africa, the health of Africans and their communities could be better.

Margaret Ilomuanya is a professor of pharmaceutical science at the University of Lagos. She will be teaching at COVID-19, which is taking place this year. For the conference duration, when she needed to buy life-saving medications in Nigeria, her Ph.D. and other credentials were unnecessary. Ilomuanya’s aunt couldn’t get the anti-hypertensive medicine she needed for more than three months because of the ban on importing pharmaceutical goods, he said. It worked out for us, but for a lot of people, not being able to get specific prescriptions could have been very bad for their health.”

Most of the medicines people take come from outside the country in sub-Saharan Africa.

When Ilomuanya was named Editor-in-Chief of the Nigerian Journal of Pharmacy, he learned about the history of Africans not having easy access to medicines. Sub-Saharan Africa’s widespread drug use is thought to be 70% to 90% imported. People are becoming more aware of supply chain issues because pharmaceutical prices have gone up, making them more aware. Many countries that made drugs and supplies for the pharmaceutical industry didn’t allow exports, which led to a pandemic that spread across the whole continent. Supply chain problems made the news during this epidemic.”

Rwandan pharmacies and large-scale medical supply businesses had run out of their supplies. People in South Africa can’t get prescriptions for mental health drugs or oral contraceptives because government rules make it almost impossible. In Kenya, oncologists have said that they are not happy with their problems in treating cancer patients. As for Ilomuanya’s search for anti-hypertensives in Nigeria, the country’s stockpiles of those drugs, as well as many other treatments for long-term illnesses, like HIV drugs, had run out.

Ilomuanya doesn’t think foreign countries are to blame for the suspension of drug shipments during the pandemic, though. More and more calls from medical professionals, regional groups, and industry experts for pharmaceutical production centers to be set up in Africa. Private pharma companies that make generic drugs and companies that make active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are being told to increase their output in the country, which is now being looked at (the primary components in the manufacture of drugs). It will be less likely for African health systems to be affected by supply chain problems if drugs are made in Africa, says SubirBasak, an IFC Senior Life Sciences Specialist.